Bmw N52 Camshaft Bolt Torque

Good morning. The above chart allows you to see the evolution of the Z4 through the years, and compare performance and other relevant specifications between each type of Z4. BMW E90 328i N52 3. The most common procedure, jacking your E60. frb 20/10/97 00 - General Instructions Type Screw Dimensio n Unit 00 00 Extract from company standard BMW N 600 02. BMW re-issued the bolts with a stronger material and experts recommend using Loctite or thread-fastener with the new bolts. Connecting Rod Cap Bolts/Nuts (M20 & M40 Engine) - 20Nm then angle-tighten 70° Camshaft Bearing Caps (M40 Engine) - 10Nm Intermediate Shaft Sprocket-to-Shaft Bolt (M20 Engine) - 60Nm Oil Supply Tube bolt(s) (M6 normal & M8 banjo) - 10Nm Oil Supply Tube bolt(s) (M5) - 5Nm BMW recommend replacing main bearing bolts each time they're removed. BMW N52 N51 Camshaft Crank Correlation 2A99 2A98 Rough running, Vanos, Escondido German Auto BMW N52 330xi 2006 camshaft and timing setup + torque details by viktarhl. Renault Megane RS250/265 High Torque Clutch and Flywheel. Torque the exhaust camshaft E10 torx bolts to 15Nm in a crisscross pattern. They should be made with a steel core like several bolts that the N52 motor has on the outside holding the wire harness. Core charges are assigned to parts that have reusable components by manufacturers to encourage the return of the used units. Porsche Project Instructions Link to the instructions page for general Continue Reading. 2007 BMW 530xi. 42 Lang Racing Stage 3 Cylinder Head - N54 $4,277. Fastener: Torque (lbft) Torque (kgm) Drive shaft coupling U bolts (rubber cross inner joints) 8 to 12: 1. Camshaft Position Sensor Cylinder Bank 5-8 2. Real repair videos for real people. Be sure to watch that the bearing cap is evenly pulling the camshaft down toward the head. R BMW N54 VALVE COVER GASKET REPLACEMENT ECS TUNING 1000 SEVILLE RD. I removed the bolts as per the BMW guidelines and it is important to note that the 4 outer bolts must be removed first. Torque To Yield Bolts - (TTY) - What Exactly Are They Torque to yield bolts are exactly what they sound like. BMW Engine Timing Camshaft Gear Bolt 11367524954. Bmw Exhaust - $1,900. Special tool 11 9 130 must rest flat on cylinder head. BMW Engine Vanos Cam Camshaft Timing Locking Master Tool 2. If you have an oil leak coming from your N52 motor it is a good chance a headbolt has let go and the rest are soon to follow. The adapter retainer bolt replaces the oil filter housing cover retaining bolt and provides an adapter fitting for the oil pressure gauge. The 5mm bolt is hard to see since it's under the sensor. Bmw Exhaust. Cylinder head: Tighten the screws in sequence from the center and outwards. 5-9NM I had way too many bad experiences at 10nm. For tightening torque refer to 11 31 5AZ in 11 31 CAMSHAFT (N52). 25 x 25 : 65 Nm (48 ft-lbs) Chain sprocket to crankshaft, M6 x 16 : 8 Nm (6 ft-lbs) Housing for chain tensioner to crankcase, M6 x 25. Solution: S54 Cam Gear Bolt Kit This S54 Cam Gear Bolt Kit has been specified to replace the stock bolts that fasten the cam gears to the camshafts. 0l: Automatic transmission fluid: Fluid = 4. My actual load in the logs is over 175. The highest-capacity twin-cylinder boxer engine ever used in motorcycle series production is a 1802 cc engine, resulting from a 107. You’ll also …. You should tighten the bolts or screws in a part to about half of the torque spec first. We use factory BMW tools to perform this job. I think this will come in handy for a lot of you BWM DIYer’s doing an E46 valve cover or E46 valve cover gasket replacement and you just need the correct bolt torque and bolt sequence specs. Exhaust Manifold to Cylinder Head. Install inlet camshaft alignment tool [4]. BMW Valve Cover Bolt Parts. 005" feeler gauge under the flange, on the cam shoulder. Torque Specifications for BMW 3-Series. This results from the deformation of the nut threads. Comprehensive tool kit for locking camshaft in TDC position when checking/adjusting camshaft timing, replacing inlet camshaft or timing chain on BMW N51, N52, N53, N54. Metric Allen wrench. The remaining 90% is lost due various forms of friction that occur during the tightening process. with blue paint. Ensure the torque wrench is properly set to the proper value, in this instance on the E46 it is set to 47 ft lbs. (It will be warm). I'd buy a new bolt. Axle Shaft To Differential Drive Flange. If its the first design bolt, where both cams are separate from the bolt, the nut spec is 140 ft. The seals fitted to the pistons within the Vanos unit wear prematurely. Fasteners - Bolts, nuts and threaded rods - torque, tension and loads; Related Documents. Oil Pan Engine Oil 12 ft-lbs. I've read many articles and I've seen a few videos in YouTube, where this is brought up as a problem, some even go as far as to suggest a recall. BMW: SI B11 05 05: N52 Engine Runs Poorly With Camshaft Sensor And Vanos Faults: BMW: SI B11 05 06: S54 Harsh Metallic Noise From The Vanos Assembly: BMW: SI B11 05 07: Service Action 492 - Replace Front Crankshaft Radial Seal: BMW: SI B11 05 08: N51 Engine: Cylinder Head Bolt Torque Is Not Available Via Tis: BMW: SI B11 05 11: Engine Removal. S85 OEM bolts torque sequence. -torque monitor ceiling and requested torque limit (driver) was maxed out in my tables and others were stock-> resulted the same thing: actual torque in MHD logs over 750nm and with TESTO capped at 536nm. 00 thread (fine thread) bolts about 2 inches long. During the final stage of torquing the sprocket to cam bolt the cams moved slightly but the. BMW typically spec 10NM for 8. Once the valve cover is in place, go around the perimeter and make sure the gasket is still in place. designates changes to this revision SUBJECT Recall Campaign 14V-176: N51, N52K and N52T Engine - Replace VANOS Gear Bolts MODEL E70 (X5) E82 (1 Series Coupe. I think this will come in handy for a lot of you BWM DIYer’s doing an E46 valve cover or E46 valve cover gasket replacement and you just need the correct bolt torque and bolt sequence specs. If you have an oil leak coming from your N52 motor it is a good chance a headbolt has let go and the rest are soon to follow. Typically camshafts are cast or forged to their rough shape, then machined to their final form. 6L (N12/N14/N16/N18) Mini Cooper 1. Engine Torque Specifications for BMW 3-Series. Loctite ** NOTE 2. Replacing the old tried and true small block Chevy engine with a new version would not be an easy task. Search: Search. • Control of camshaft timing. Main Caps 1-4 to Block. com® also displays your Expected Ship Date and transit time in your Cart, making our entire shipping process simple and transparent. • Install the crankshaft pulley/vibration damper. 9 ISO Metric Coarse Pitch Bolts & Screws Bolt Tension Corresponding to 65% of Proof Load Recommended Assembly Torque Diameter Pitch (mm) kN Nm M5 0. Its very similar, but different enough so that it won't bolt up. CAMSHAFT COVER SPECS. Engine Torque Specifications for BMW 3-Series. First step torque of 25 ft/lb then install the front cover. E36 - 10mm ALLEN Bolts - WITHOUT Locking Teeth. Initially used a 1/2" air impact wrench with a max torque of 420 lb-ft; switched to a 3/4" impact, with a max torque of 700. In any case it is pretty much the same but here is a page for the Ford 429 and 460 folks. with Al Helicoil. All have Vanos variable valve timing units on both the inlet and exhaust camshafts. [Archive] Broken Cylinder Head Bolt on 2006 530i N52 engine E60 / E61 (2004 - 2010). 2 six (and as much torque), while weighing 50 pounds less than its all. 6L (N12/N14/N16/N18) Mini Cooper 1. The inner 10 bolts are then removed in sequence working from the outside in. The tensioner itself is about £80 from BMW but can be had for £60 from Eurocarparts when it's on sale or with a voucher. 0l 103k Oem. 0L 6-cyl Engine Code N52 Engine Code N52 B30: 230 bhp. 90 ° 6AZ Cylinder head bolts. 100 Nm equals 73. Replacing your timing chain guides is a time consuming job, but with basic automotive skills anyone can do it. For final fine tuning, rock wrench back and forth while feeling block by hand. 0L N51 N52 Engine, Replace # 11127552281 3. 5ft lbs of torque. observed without fail. The second design bolt has one cam attached to the bolt at the bolt head. The above chart outlines specifications for the different types of the BMW Z4. Like many of you I keep reading about my particular model years BMW with broken bolts. com / [email protected] 34) Install the VANOS piston bolts (remember that these are left-hand thread). 5 x 1, Replace screw Closing torque, 5 Nm Initial torque, 25 Nm Final torque, 90° 11 31 - Camshaft Sprocket to camshaft M7 x 12 - 10. Crankshaft Torque Specs. For the bolts, I brushed the threads making. Align inlet camshaft at hexagon until special tool 11 7 342 can be joined by means of special tool 11 9 130 in locating bore. 0l 6 Cyl N52 Engine. Clutch Removal. Release chain tensioner (2). Another torque unit used in the USA is the foot-pound (abbreviated ft-lb. Tagged: N52 Engine Motor. Get the best deals on Cylinder Heads & Parts for BMW 530xi when you shop the largest online selection at eBay. 07-13 BMW 328i 528i 530i X5 Z4 (E87 E60 E53 E83 E90 E85) 3. I originally had the BMW Performance Strut Brace but didn’t feel it added a lot, so when the M3 parts were released the BMW Performance brace was sold and the M3 brace purchased. Attach a suitable torque wrench to the adjusting screw of AST4803. Use with #114280 for cam alignment on N52. Courtesy of BMW OF NORTH AMERICA, INC. There are two types of VANOS, single and double. BMW Vanos 2. Install inlet camshaft alignment tool [4]. BMW's TIS manual recommends 9Nm or torque on the valve cover bolts. Free shipping on 06-10 BMW N52 ENGINE ECCENTRIC VALVETRONIC CAMSHAFT ACTUATOR MOTOR OEM 7548388. By holding the sprocket and chain off the cam I had room to install the bolt and get the socket on and torque it to spec. 51: Shop/Dealer Price $305. ins Or for metric sizes: M = P x D M = torque N. Comparable to BMW tool number 112440. No need for the BMW Special tools. 345 Engine (848cc, 998cc) Fastener Torque (lbft) Torque (kgm) Camshaft Nut 60 to 70 8. The starting point for these new cams is a steel tube, over which the individual cam lobes are installed. Jointing torque. 55: 2010 BMW 328i L6-3. Notice: be careful not to damage the valve lifter. Torque Specifications for BMW 3-Series. I released torque on each bolt first by rotating each bolt 45 deg anti-clockwise and then in 90 degree increments until all bolts were loose. Pro-Bolt know you love your bike, our range of bolts and fasteners are used by race teams and individual riders and with one of the largest selections available, customising, accessorising or lightening your motorcycle is just a matter of choice. Cam chain tensioner mounting bolt. Bolt Torque Spec Chart for Ford 351W Fastener Type Torque Specs Main cap bolts 95-105 ft. Choose top quality brands API, Beck Arnley, Elring, Elwis, Fel-Pro, Felpro, Goetze, Mahle, Replacement, SKP. Changing the cabin air filter is literally a snap with our handy replacement guide. Cookie Notice. Fit For Bmw N51 N52 N53 N54 N55 Engine Camshaft Timing Locking Hand Tool Kit Set Bmw E82 - $67. The "Torque Sequence" column shows which diagram to use as the specific bolt torquing sequence for your engine. 95 lb/ft * NOTE 1. You can see on the photo below, that VANOS (variable valve timing system) to intake camshaft bolts have broken and backed out, 3 of the 4 bolts are damaged and loose. Engine Torque Specs. 0l / Dry refill = 9. Connecting rod bolts 40-45 ft. I removed the bolts as per the BMW guidelines and it is important to note that the 4 outer bolts must be removed first. The only way to ensure the rod bolt has achieved this proper clamp load is to measure it with a rod bolt. Renault Megane RS250/265 High Torque Clutch and Flywheel. 5 40 Nm 16AZ Adjustment unit to exhaust or inlet camshaft N42 M10x1 Replace screws Jointing torque 20 Nm Torque angle 90 ° Torque angle 90 ° AZD Variable Camshaft Control BMW AG - TIS 17. Typically camshafts are cast or forged to their rough shape, then machined to their final form. Blow the solenoid out with compressed air if have the N52 engine or replace it if you have N52K or N54. Follow any special instructions or multi-step directions carefully to assure correct final torque. It is estimated that only about 10% of the tightening torque actually results in useful bolt tensioning. Claim the additional bolt(s), if necessary, and explain the reason in the claim comments. Following the N62 engine was the new V-12, the N73 in the new 760i/Li. BMW N52 N51 Camshaft Crank Correlation 2A99 2A98 Rough running, Vanos, Escondido German Auto BMW N52 330xi 2006 camshaft and timing setup + torque details by viktarhl. E36 - 10mm ALLEN Bolts - WITHOUT Locking Teeth. 0l: Automatic transmission fluid: Fluid = 4. CAMSHAFT COVER SPECS. Replacing a head gasket on a BMW requires quite the skill but it can be done. This Genuine BMW Oil Pan Bolt Set (Mfg#11132210959) fits BMW E60 525i, BMW E60 525xi, BMW E60 530i, BMW E60 530xi, BMW E61 525i, BMW E61 530xi, BMW E70 X5 xDrive35i, BMW E71 X6 35iX, BMW E71 X6 xDrive35i, BMW E82 1 M Coupe, BMW E82 128i, BMW E82 135i, BMW E84 X1 xDrive35i, BMW E88 128i, BMW E88 135i, BMW E90 325i, BMW E90 325xi, BMW E90 328i, BMW E90 328xi, BMW E90 335i, BMW E90 335xi, BMW E91. 4L Modular V8m Cam sprocket bolt kit, 1 per cam required, 1. Jointing torque. If the camshaft is out, you can clamp its tail in soft vice jaws, nose upwards, lube the bearing flange, install a. N52 General Torque Specifications Fastener diameter Fastener Description Stage 1 Torque ft-lb Stage 1 Torque Nm Stage 2 Additional (tty) Stage 3 Additional (tty) Stage 4 Additional (tty) M7 Chain Guide 10 14 M7 Camshaft bearing strip to camshaft 71 (in-lb) 8 60 deg M8 Chain module mounting bolts 6 8. (It will be warm). Then with the bike on the ground and in gear you will need to crack the torque on the sprockets with a 8mm hex socket. Four common types of overhead camshaft and their methods of removal are detailed below. • Install the crankshaft pulley/vibration damper. I think this will come in handy for a lot of you BWM DIYer's doing an E46 valve cover or E46 valve cover gasket replacement and you just need the correct bolt torque and bolt. BMW Valve Cover Bolt Parts. Ford 429 and 460 Firing Order I made the FE firing order and forgot the 429 amd 460 (sometimes I call Ford-sixty). TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS Application Ft. On most modern engines, stretch bolts or torque to yield bolts are typically used and must be replaced when the Direct OEM replacement for a proper fit Ensure reliable sealing performance $1. 50 103 371 M20 2. 90 ° Warm-running time. The only way to ensure the rod bolt has achieved this proper clamp load is to measure it with a rod bolt. If you have an oil leak coming from your N52 motor it is a good chance a headbolt has let go and the rest are soon to follow. 5 (2494) M54B25---302----80 3. 194, 230, 250, 292 and 153,181 ,2. In the event that a fastener is reused, attention must be given to the method of reinstalling the fastener. 0 Porsche engine cases, valve covers on anything 5-valve are magnesium. T he BMW N52 straight-six was designed to replace the M54 and was introduced in 2004, remaining in production until 2011. Tagged: N52 Engine Motor. Initial torque, 10 Nm Final torque, 56 Nm It is probably a 50 or 60 T-star bolt as my 40 is not big enough. cause parasitic HP loss. N52 General Torque Specifications Fastener diameter Fastener Description Stage 1 Torque ft-lb Stage 1 Torque Nm Stage 2 Additional (tty) Stage 3 Additional (tty) Stage 4 Additional (tty) M7 Chain Guide 10 14 M7 Camshaft bearing strip to camshaft 71 (in-lb) 8 60 deg M8 Chain module mounting bolts 6 8. Welcome to N54Tuning, your one stop shop for all your BMW Tuning and BMW Performance Modifications for the N54, N55, N20, N26, S55, B58/B48 and other BMW platforms! www. Blow the solenoid out with compressed air if have the N52 engine or replace it if you have N52K or N54. The wrench fits the large nut that holds the fan/ clutch to the water pump and the holding fixture will lock onto two of the water pump bolts so you can hold it stationary to break the fan loose. In our online-store you will find affordable and high-quality Engine and many other auto parts. 350+hp E30 M3 with S54 and 6MT Swap – The White Elephant. 7: Con Rod Big-end Bolts: 35 to 38: 4. A variety of reasons contribute to the conclusion behind purchasing an N52-powered BMW. This would seem to indicate that your bolt is NOT stretch. While searching around the interwebs for E46 valve cover gasket torque specs, I couldn't find something that's really easy to read, so I found a good source that you can use as the main Torque Specs Cheat Sheet. YOTOBE Automotive Products Store has All Kinds of 2 LEG Automatic Transmission Clutch Spring Compressor Removing Installing Tool,CV Boot Pliers CV Boot Band Pliers with 3/8 Torque Drive Automotive Clamps Tools,Engine Timing Tools For BMW N51 N52 N53 N54 N55 Camshaft Vanos Flywheel Timing Tool Set Car Garage Tools and more On Sale, Find the Best China 2 at Aliexpress. -feet of torque. VW just threads steel bolts into magnesium and the world doesn't end. Especially when you are trying to save money. Primary clutch bolt 89 ftlbs +/- 6 ft lbs 22mm nut. BMW has also over torqued these bolts from the factory. ENGINE BLOCK TORQUE SPECS Alternator Power Nut - 9ft-lb Alternator Pulley Lock nut - 81. A camshaft is a shaft to which a cam is fastened or of to reduce weight such as camshaft used in BMW N52 advanced to produce better low RPM torque, or. Jointing torque. Many vehicle manufacturers use torque to yield bolts, especially on engines with aluminum heads and/or in conjunction with (MLS) head gaskets. 33) Install the VANOS assembly securing bolts (6 screws and 1 stud) and torque to 6-ftlbs in an outward alternating pattern, starting in the middle. Then you are done. BMW 2002 and other '02 BMW 2002ti and BMW 1600ti Owners Group BMW 2002 Turbo BMW Neue Klasse Discussion BMW 1600GT Discussion BMW 700 Discussion BMW 2002 and Neue Klasse Events Project Blogs Project Blogs - Archive FAQ Articles Construction Zone Regional Groups. Engine Valve Cover with Gaskets and Bolts, Fit for 3. Once everything is connected (please double check), torque the head to the specified values: Add 50% BMW coolant and 50% distilled water then bleed the cooling system. B18b1,B20B4,B20Z2--23ft lbs. Extract from company standard BMW N 600 02. Buck Cording 2008 535XI 1973 2002tii. BMW N52 N51 Camshaft Crank Correlation 2A99 2A98 Rough running, Vanos, Escondido German Auto BMW N52 330xi 2006 camshaft and timing setup + torque details by viktarhl. OEM Part #'s for 2018 DS and possibly others. We don’t torque them to factory specs so this issue won’t happen again. 6L 4-Cyl Mini Cooper R56 (2007-2015, BMW) Prince 1. Record this torque spec as this is the exact torque spec that you will be using to install your rods in the motor. The torque spec is 22 nm with no jointing torque. Engine Torque Specs. More Details. • Install the chain tensioner. Size Recommended Torque; Grade 2 Grade 5 Grade 8 18-8 S/S Bronze Brass; Coarse Fine Coarse Fine Coarse Fine Coarse Fine Coarse Fine Coarse Fine #4*-----5. Average rating from 11,278 customers who received a Brake Pads Replacement. Axle Shaft To Differential Drive Flange. Using a 10mm socket remove the bolt that holds the Vanos solenoid in the cylinder head and pull it out. M6 x 12 10 Nm Timing-chain tensioner to cylinder head M24 x 1. Its very similar, but different enough so that it won't bolt up. Torque spec 4 Nm plus a torque. Before refitting the camshaft, coat the bearing surfaces liberally with clean engine oil. Use in conjunction with ET1188B and ET1556A (to remove eccentric shaft / intermediate shaft). Here is a torque chart for BMW oil heads Jeff "S" Moore BMW Boxer Data R1100RT / R1100RS / R1100GS / R1100R / R850R Bearing bolt swingarm to gearbox/rear axle (Locktite 2701) 110. For the bolts, I brushed the threads making. BMW (N63/S63) CAMSHAFT ALIGNMENT TOOL SET. BMW has also over torqued these bolts from the factory. My sister-in-law has one with a 6 speed manual and it is awsome. 5) M44 01-04 Step 1: 20 Nm (15 ft-lbs) --Step 2: 50 Nm (37 ft-lbs) --Step 3: 90 Nm (66 ft-lbs). *Per Bolt Repair Procedure Step 8 or 15: Additional replacement bolt(s) may be needed if they do not torque to the correct specification. 85 liters, or to the filler hole threads on level ground with the bike on the center stand. This article can also be used as a guide for replacing the eccentric shaft sensor. With a 7 % capacity increase, the new boxer engine offers 14 % more torque and 9 % more output than its predecessor. That's 72 inch pounds if you have an inch torque wrench. 13, 9, 5, 1, 3, 7, 11 (side of cam cover closest to intake) Seat each camshaft by pushing it towards the dizzy side of cylinder head. com / [email protected] N52: 6 cylinder inline DOHC 24v Valvetronic, Double VANOS, aluminium/magnesium petrol engine: petrol: 2497cm3 - 2996cm3: 2004-now: N53: 6 cylinder inline DOHC 24v Direct Injection naturally aspirated, Double VANOS, aluminium/magnesium petrol engine: petrol: 2497cm3 - 2996cm3: 2007-now: N54. E12 Torx deep well socket. 0 N51, N52, N52K, N53, N54 Timing / Locking Tool T&E Tools TT8088 2. Camshaft adjustment unit to inlet camshaft M62 VANOS M12x1. So sequence still the same middle out in an x pattern. 25l: Cooling system: 7. The seals fitted to the pistons within the Vanos unit wear prematurely. Seat rear mounting nut 18mm. Main Caps 1-4 to Block. Connect the CMP electrical connector. Torque angle. Metric Allen wrench. LS Engine Specifications. The best part is, our BMW 530i Belt Tensioner Bolt products start from as little as $6. Torque angle M10 50 ° AZD Crankcase BMW AG - TIS 12. An alternative for your $1000 would be the Eurosport 325i cam kit. Another torque unit used in the USA is the foot-pound (abbreviated ft-lb. 0 out of 5 stars 1 $120. Hello, As long as the bolts are tightened to specification, replaced if needed, and free of oil, there is no reason to be concerned. The 5mm bolt is hard to see since it's under the sensor. The common problem for the AZ series engine is cylinder head bolt threads wear out in cylinder blocks produced until 2007. Plus, by my measurement, there are 3 different sized and differing fasteners. The sensor pulls straight out. Caution! Tighten central bolt (1) to jointing torque. BMW Tools Instructions Link to the instructions page for all German Auto Solutions Specialty BMW Tools D. Just plur your BMW X3 and Year into the Year Make Model selector above and when you search for a Camshaft Position Sensor Auto Parts Warehouse will only show you parts that fit your vehicle. Then you are done. If you have an oil leak coming from your N52 motor it is a good chance a headbolt has let go and the rest are soon to follow. This might be time to ask a knowledgeable friend to help you or let a good mechanic tighten and torque the bolts for you. BMW N51, N52, N52K, N53, N54, N55 Timing Tool Kit. The #1 goal of this site is to collect and provide information about the commonly replaced E46 valve cover also known as the E46 cylinder head cover. 1995 Bmw 325i Head Bolt Torque Specs Posted on May 10, 2020 by Fattana E30 torque specs and technical bmw e30 e36 head gasket replacement 3 bmw e36 328i 1994 1999 m52b28 car 3 touring dealer specification 2016 bmw 328i broken head bolt. 700 UHL, M12 x 1. BMW 6 Cylinder Dual Vanos Piston Seal Repair Fix Process Instructions: If you drive a BMW 6 cylinder vehicle 1993-2006 your Vanos (variable valve timing unit) is most likely failing. Loctite ** NOTE 2. BMW E90 328i N52 3. E90 2006 325 N52 Head gasket replacement/need torque specs 2009 BMW 325i M coupe. VALVE COVER SPECS. Broken bolts, BMW 330I 2006. I had the torque wrench set to 54ft-lbs for the torque to angle and it was perfect at 45 degrees with a degree angle tool. Snake out the belt. Cam Gear to Cam. • Install the chain tensioner. 64 Lang Racing BMW S54 Turbo Prep Bottom End Kit $3,715. ) Third:: Torque all bolts in sequence an additional 450 turn, Do Not Use A Torque Wrench. How to rebuild or. Brake rotor to hub mounting screw. [Archive] Aluminum bolts torque spec needed X3 E83 (2004 - 2010). Apparently this is only common on the 06 models and was fixed the next year but BMW doesn't really notice it. LS Engine Specifications. 4L Modular V8m Cam sprocket bolt kit, 1 per cam required, 1. 25l: Cooling system: 7. Make sure that the alignment dowel aligns with the camshaft. I think this will come in handy for a lot of you BWM DIYer’s doing an E46 valve cover or E46 valve cover gasket replacement and you just need the correct bolt torque and bolt sequence specs. Initially used a 1/2" air impact wrench with a max torque of 420 lb-ft; switched to a 3/4" impact, with a max torque of 700. Flywheel, or Flexplate, to Crank. Active Autowerke BMW 328i 128i Performance Tune Software Through careful remapping to the BMW DME, Active Autowerke has increased the horsepower and torque by over 15 and 12 respectively for your BMW 328i 128i with the N51/N52 motor. B18C1--33ft lbs. How To Replace BMW 3 Series Head Gasket. Replace screws. Loctite ** NOTE 2. Removing a camshaft means having to remove the transmission, clutch, flywheel (or clutch carrier), and then removing the oil pump parts. Or use a rule. Get the best deals on Camshafts, Lifters & Parts for BMW 06-10 BMW N52 ENGINE ECCENTRIC VALVETRONIC CAMSHAFT ACTUATOR MOTOR OEM 7548388 🌟2007-2013 BMW 335i. Axle Shaft To Differential Drive Flange. This article can also be used as a guide for replacing the eccentric shaft sensor. For final fine tuning, rock wrench back and forth while feeling block by hand. BMW of North America is recalling 156,137 2010-'11 vehicles, including the BMW 335i sedan, because loose bolts could lead to engine stall. BMW has informed NHTSA of its intention to voluntarily recall approximately 156,137 MY 2010-12 vehicles in the US, equipped with inline 6-cylinder engines. BMW N52 N51 Camshaft Crank Correlation 2A99 2A98 Rough running, Vanos, Escondido German Auto BMW N52 330xi 2006 camshaft and timing setup + torque details by viktarhl. • Install the chain tensioner. V-bank cover x Intake air surge tank. This would seem to indicate that your bolt is NOT stretch. 1 cylinder intake and exhaust camshaft lobes. Torque is a measurement of force. At BMW of Orlando, the same exact. CAMSHAFT COVER SPECS. In any case it is pretty much the same but here is a page for the Ford 429 and 460 folks. 0L N51 N52 Engine, Replace # 11127552281 3. BMW back in March launched an investigation into what may be a defective part of the VANOS (variable valve and cam timing) system. Ok found it sorry it didn't show it the first time I looked it up. Finally an affordable option for BMW enthusiasts looking to gain some real power with a simple bolt on without sacrificing quality. Discussion in 'E36 M3 (1995-1999)' started by yonsayvitch, Jun 12, 2013 from BMW Morristown online parts site, a set of lug bolts for the car is $47. BMW (N55) FUEL INJECTOR REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION TOOL Call for Pricing H. Torque Specifications for BMW 3-Series. Available for 91-93 octane we now allow you to maximize your car's true potential while maximizing your fuel consumption. If you were to tighten the bolts from side to side then the camshaft may seize and destroy the cam bearings and possibly the camshaft. Our chart torque specs were compiled from BMW E46 3 Series (1999-2005) Service Manual by Bentley Publications. The remaining 90% is lost due various forms of friction that occur during the tightening process. 95 lb/ft * NOTE 1. Cam Sprocket (upper gear. Once everything is connected (please double check), torque the head to the specified values: Add 50% BMW coolant and 50% distilled water then bleed the cooling system. With a 7 % capacity increase, the new boxer engine offers 14 % more torque and 9 % more output than its predecessor. RockAuto ships auto parts and body parts from over 300 manufacturers to customers' doors worldwide, all at warehouse prices. 9 19 Nm Slide rail, top, to camshaft bearing cap BMW-Motorrad 12/2009. " In such cases, the driver would be alerted by a. Remove central bolt with hub towards front. • Dismount all locking tools. Instead of the traditional correlation of model designation to engine size, each is a 3. BMW N51, N52, N52K, N53, N54, N55 Timing Tool Kit. Porsche Project Instructions Link to the instructions page for general Continue Reading. Oil filter torque 25Nm Oil drain plug torque 25Nm Takes 6. COM 4 REQUIRED TOOLS We recommend that you have a complete selection of tools and equipment necessary for automotive repair. Caliper to brake pad carrier mounting bolts. BMW has informed NHTSA of its intention to voluntarily recall approximately 156,137 MY 2010-12 vehicles in the US, equipped with inline 6-cylinder engines. B) Been almost 2 years now, so far so good, no leakages. Torx head bolt set Exhaust manifold studs and copper nuts. For example, if the final torque should be 100 foot-pounds, then tighten to 50 foot-pounds first, and then repeat the process until you've tightened to 100 foot-pounds. Each intake valve (2 per cylinder) is opened not directly by the corresponding camshaft but by an additional mechanism which varies the valve lift. head bolt kit - 14-32315-01 - bmw, n52, n52n $46. Ventura, Ca 93003 www. with a friend holding the cam steady from turning right to left, begin to tighten the bearing cap nuts in quarter turn increments, carefully tightening until the desired 10. 5 ft lbs (yes that is correct), step 4 is 1/4 turn, final step is another 1/4 turn. with one longer stud you might want to screw the nut down. Comprehensive tool kit for locking camshaft in TDC position when checking/adjusting camshaft timing, replacing inlet camshaft or timing chain on BMW N51, N52, N53, N54,N55. VW aircooled engine cases, pre-3. Torque angle. Available for 91-93 octane we now allow you to maximize your car's true potential while maximizing your fuel consumption. com® also displays your Expected Ship Date and transit time in your Cart, making our entire shipping process simple and transparent. to get them off. 7 Con Rod Big-end Bolts 35 to 38 4. The engine made its debut in 258hp, N52B30 form in the E63 630Ci and was joined by the N52B25 in 2005; the larger engine had five differing power outputs while the smaller variant was made available in three different versions. This article can also be used as a guide for replacing the eccentric shaft sensor. Your # 1 Source for BMW Performance Parts at the LOWEST Prices!! - VRSF, Evolution Racewerks (ER), Wagner Tuning, AWE, ar design, PURE Turbos. You should tighten the bolts or screws in a part to about half of the torque spec first. 1/4" drive. Look around and see what can help you. If there was excessive wear to the camshaft bearing ledge, the camshaft hook ring seals and the affected camshaft bearing ledge would require replacement. B18b1,B20B4,B20Z2--23ft lbs. Accepted formulae relating torque and tension, based on many tests are: M = P x D M = torque lbf. The starting point for these new cams is a steel tube, over which the individual cam lobes are installed. T he BMW N52 straight-six was designed to replace the M54 and was introduced in 2004, remaining in production until 2011. Tightening torque:11 21 1AZ. • Install the crankshaft pulley/vibration damper. Genuine BMW 330i N52 Intake Manifold - Upgrade for E82 128i, E9X 325i/328i, E60 528i, X3, Z4. Loosen all bolts 1/2 turn. N52's need love too - E82 128i 6-speed manual gets headers, N54 intake manifold, and a tune at BPC - 248 rwhp Published on 12-29-2017 01:53 PM 17 Comments. These are used on all 325i, 328i, and 330i with the BMW N51 N52 and N53 engines. Courtesy of BMW OF NORTH AMERICA, INC. Torque angle. #N#Our standard damper with grooves machined into the outer shell to accommodate blower belts. SCITOO Fit BMW S85/ M5/M6 /E60/E63 Camshaft Alignment Timing Locking Master Tool Kit Camshaft Alignment Fixtures Crankshaft Turning Tool 1. Camshaft timing gear or sprocket x Camshaft. 0l 103k Oem. Better bolts need to be made. Main Cap Tie Bolts Engine Oil 45 ft-lbs. Ignition coil assembly x Cylinder head cover sub-assembly. Jointing torque. In our online-store you will find affordable and high-quality Engine and many other auto parts. Porsche Timing Tool Set (987/981/997/991). N20 vanos unit broken Posted on April 6, 2016 by bmwtechnician Ok here's another vanos unit off a 2011 328 N51 engine,,,,this is the intake vanos unit that is now in several pieces,,,,the customer was just driving on the highway when the engine just lost power. jake13 423 jake13. • Control of camshaft timing. Removing the head is a major step in removing the cylinder head. Finally, BMW centers should not sell or use parts that have been recalled by BMW NA. DISCLAIMER: This page is not intended to replace the information contained in a factory level service manual and is intended solely as a "Quick" reference. Tighten 7 Nm + 90° (use a new bolt). Exh 33/-14 113. Bolt for camshaft adjusters MUST only be used once. We use factory BMW tools to perform this job. Thanks! 04-03-2013, 11:23 PM #7. Caution! Tighten central bolt (1) to jointing torque. All information concerning engine removal and refitting and engine block and cylinder head. Record this torque spec as this is the exact torque spec that you will be using to install your rods in the motor. Fit special tool 11 4 280. Jointing torque. Available for 91-93 octane we now allow you to maximize your car's true potential while maximizing your fuel consumption. Aluminium oil sump. 1995 Bmw 325i Head Bolt Torque Specs Posted on May 10, 2020 by Fattana E30 torque specs and technical bmw e30 e36 head gasket replacement 3 bmw e36 328i 1994 1999 m52b28 car 3 touring dealer specification 2016 bmw 328i broken head bolt. Note that these bolts will spin fairly freely and then bottom out. • Turn crankshaft 720° to compression TDC on cylinder 1. Petrol and Diesel Engine, Manual and Automatic Transmission, Suspension, Steering, Brakes, Interior and Exterior torque specs. E87 130i M Sport, now with added doors! N52 Belt Tensioner Replacement. remove nut (15mm), remove bolt (14mm), lube bushing with BMW #10 grease, install bolt (second person needed at rear of bike), torque to 37 ft. ZNS bolt: 4 Nm Tis Online: Garage: 525i Touring; Report post; Posted August 18, 2016. Camshaft Sprocket Bolt Re-Torque? VW MKIV-A4 TDIs (VE and PD) The gist I got from stories of spun sprockets was that if it was going to slip it would do it sooner than later; this is one reason why the PDF has you bump the motor over and then check that everything remains in time at the end of the job. Discussion in 'E36 M3 (1995-1999)' started by yonsayvitch, Jun 12, 2013 from BMW Morristown online parts site, a set of lug bolts for the car is $47. Dodge Torque specs; BMW Torque Specs; Don't do this When you can fix yourself. Lost your kit instructions? Want to check a torque or stretch value? Enter your kit number in the field below and click "Submit. The vibration damper is indexed and has no separate bolts. Puller for AC and heater control. Bolts are designed to stretch, the torque figure used when tightening the bolt should be roughly between 60 and 90% of yield, which means that the bolt will want to return to its original length and thus apply a clamping load to the joint, depending on the amount of torque applied. 0L 6-cyl Engine Code N52 Engine Code N52 B30: 230 bhp. Torque Specifications for BMW 3-Series. How To Replace The Alternator And Serpentine Belt On A BMW N51/N52 Engine (X3, 330i, 528i, & More) A correctly working electrical system is critical for a properly functioning vehicle. B-A2336 1/2"F X 3/4"M 1500NM TORQUE MULTIPLIER KIT (7 PCS) Call for Pricing 1/2" x M10S CYLINDER HEAD BOLT TOOL (100mm) Call for Pricing H. Dim: M 10 X 1. 0L L6 N52-GAS-FI-N Content: Steering & Suspension >> Active Suspension ADJUSTMENTS HEADLIGHTS 1. 72ft-lbs is for the EXHAUST gears ONLY!! The AVCS engines use 2 different bolts is why. Taiwan tools、Taiwan hand tools、hand tools、Taiwan tools manufacturer、Taiwan hand tools manufacturer、Hand tool development、Taiwan Hand tool development. Aluminium screws/bolts are marked. When it comes to your BMW 530i, you want parts and products from only trusted brands. BMW (N63/S63) CAMSHAFT ALIGNMENT TOOL SET. Below is a list of the tools we used to replace the N54 Valve Cover Gasket. 0L N51 N52 Engine, Replace # 11127552281 3. BMW Tools Instructions Link to the instructions page for all German Auto Solutions Specialty BMW Tools D. However BMW wanted $1500 to look at it and (thousands) to repair it. Connecting Rod Cap Bolts/Nuts (M20 & M40 Engine) - 20Nm then angle-tighten 70° Camshaft Bearing Caps (M40 Engine) - 10Nm Intermediate Shaft Sprocket-to-Shaft Bolt (M20 Engine) - 60Nm Oil Supply Tube bolt(s) (M6 normal & M8 banjo) - 10Nm Oil Supply Tube bolt(s) (M5) - 5Nm BMW recommend replacing main bearing bolts each time they're removed. Finally, BMW centers should not sell or use parts that have been recalled by BMW NA. 0L - Inline 6-cyl (2996 cc) Code: N52 (Gasoline) Compression Ratio: 10. Windage Tray to Main Cap. Includes 6 thrust blocks and valve spring compressor. with one longer stud you might want to screw the nut down. 6L (N12/N14/N16/N18) Mini Cooper 1. Porsche Project Instructions Link to the instructions page for general Continue Reading. N52/N54 motors have aluminum cylinder sleeves and magnesium blocks. BMW 2002 and other '02 BMW 2002ti and BMW 1600ti Owners Group BMW 2002 Turbo BMW Neue Klasse Discussion BMW 1600GT Discussion BMW 700 Discussion BMW 2002 and Neue Klasse Events Project Blogs Project Blogs - Archive FAQ Articles Construction Zone Regional Groups. N52B25U1 (2005 – 2008) is a basic engine with decreased level of HP with the help of intake manifold. Apparently this is only common on the 06 models and was fixed the next year but BMW doesn't really notice it. 11410016-1 11410016. Flywheel, or Flexplate, to Crank. Brake rotor to hub mounting screw. 005" feeler gauge under the flange, on the cam shoulder. This is called "torque-angle tightening" and it gives a more consistent clamping force than "torque tightening". Remove the tensioner gently, making sure that the Remove the water pump. Made in Germany. The second design bolt has one cam attached to the bolt at the bolt head. BMW 6 Cylinder Dual Vanos Piston Seal Repair Fix Process Instructions: If you drive a BMW 6 cylinder vehicle 1993-2006 your Vanos (variable valve timing unit) is most likely failing. 0 N52B30A 2007, 218 HP at low prices on Sparepartstore24. My car is an E92 335i so your mileage may vary regarding installation notes:. 9; 6mm: 3-5. Place intake camshaft lock block (bolt hole on block left) on intake camshaft rear square and engine head. One of which that seems to be lost amid all the talk of horsepower, torque, and how big they supposedly make one's…stick shift… is that the 328i still retains the same E9X chassis that houses the N54/N55 engines. No idea why BMW has different torques than Cummins, for the same bolt. 2 cam drive idle gear/sprocket shaft. Anti Roll/Stabilizer Bar To Frame. 350+hp E30 M3 with S54 and 6MT Swap – The White Elephant. I was instantly sold after hearing about how the entire engine was designed for lightness with a truly NA torque curve and power levels pushing close to an S54 (with headers, an N54 manifold and. Chain Drive Cams S&S; chaindrive cams are another way to save on a cam installation, since the stock chaindrive can be reused. 75 inc GST VICTOR REINZ head bolt kit gaskets and cover modules, thermal-acoustical protective shielding, valve stem seals, and fuel-cell components. 3/8 Connecting Rod Cap Engine Oil 50 ft-lbs. TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS Application Ft. I like the accuracy where it's +- 2% for the torque and 1 degree for the angle. Engage impact wrench in forward for 1 second interval 3 times to fully tighten bolt/cap. How To Replace The Alternator And Serpentine Belt On A BMW N51/N52 Engine (X3, 330i, 528i, & More) A correctly working electrical system is critical for a properly functioning vehicle. Cam Gear Bolts. Clutch sleeve hub nut. My actual load in the logs is over 175. The sensor pulls straight out. I needed the camshaft locking tools so I ordered the AST 3028 tool set from Amazon and two days later it worked flawlessly: N52 camshaft locking tool N52 camshaft locking tools N52 camshaft timing jig With the camshafts and gears locked I removed the center bolts then the aluminum jig that locked the gears. 7ft-lb Alternator Support - 33ft-lb Belt Tensioner - 16ft-lb (to block) Belt Tensioner Pulley - 31ft-lb Belt Tensioner Test - 19. Torque to 44 in/lbs. There are 2 types of engines within the range, VALVETRONIC & Direct injection engines, but all have VANOS variable valve timing units on both the inlet & exhaust camshafts. 3rd iteration: Start over at Bolt#1 and repeat, tightening all 14 bolts again, in the proper sequence, another 1/4 turn or 90 degrees. WADSWORTH, OH 44281 1. Warning!!! If you are using ARP bolts, you MUST use. Tighten the bolt of the exhaust camshaft VANOS unit to the specified torque, followed by the bolt of the inlet VANOS Unit, again, to the specified torque – Torque 20Nm. 5 65 Nm Torque angle 70 ° 2AZ Main. In common with many modern engines, the BMW 116i ( N43, N45 and N47) camshaft caps are made of cast aluminium. BMW said "in very rare cases the bolts holding the variable camshaft timing (Vanos) unit housing may become loose or, in extreme cases, break. 0L 6 cylinder twin camshaft 16 valve petrol engine (04-) used on BMW 3 and 5 series vehicles. BMW Torque Specs. 0l / Dry refill = 9. BMW Engine Vanos Cam Camshaft Timing Locking Master Tool 2. MINI Cooper S JCW Coupe R58 Roadster R59. 7/16 Connecting Rod Cap Engine Oil 70 ft-lbs. 11410016-1 11410016. The primary focus of these engines was the use of Valvetronic which has revolutionized valvetrain technology. Camshaft Position Sensor Cylinder Bank 5-8 2. HT Howard have developed an economical solution to this problem using specially manufactured replacement. Timing chain cover plate x Timing chain or belt cover sub-assembly. 194, 230, 250, 292 and 153,181 ,2. Problem: The stock cam gear bolts can back out or shear causing engine failure. The stock rod bolts have 46 lb. #2 BMW N52 330i "HO" Intake Manifold Upgrade. Then with the bike on the ground and in gear you will need to crack the torque on the sprockets with a 8mm hex socket. 25 x 25 : 65 Nm (48 ft-lbs) Chain sprocket to crankshaft, M6 x 16 : 8 Nm (6 ft-lbs) Housing for chain tensioner to crankcase, M6 x 25. Engine Torque Specs. Jointing torque. 0L L6 Spark Plug Tube Seals, and Valve Cover Bolts. But most. BMW Tools Instructions Link to the instructions page for all German Auto Solutions Specialty BMW Tools D. 4 ft lbs M7 bolt - 15 Nm/11 ft lbs. It is a system originally developed by BMW for models produced during and after 1992. T he BMW N52 straight-six was designed to replace the M54 and was introduced in 2004, remaining in production until 2011. 4", or larger, swivel vise Note: Vise must be mounted for use. Use a two step torque sequence, on the Camshaft Phaser Sprocket. Torque angle. 5ft lbs of torque. Jump to Latest Follow 21 - 36 of 36 Posts The link posted is the wrench I used. com INSTALLATION METHOD FOR HEAD STUD KITS Part Number: 201-4304 Application: BMW 1. ” Important: if you have an aftermarket connecting rod with an ARP bolt, please use the chart below to contact the rod manufacturer for the stretch/torque value. certain bolts may be, but the vast majority are hardened steel, BMW recommends replacing them more due to a number of them come either with locking compound on them, and a good number of the nuts are the all metal locking style which can lose their ability to "lock" after a few uses, but nowhere near 80% of them are going to be alum. I have the oil changes done at a local authorized BMW shop for half price using the same fluids and filters. Tools: Torque wrench. 6L 4-Cyl Mini Cooper R56 (2007-2015, BMW) Prince 1. This babies on tight. 7ft-lb Alternator Support - 33ft-lb Belt Tensioner - 16ft-lb (to block) Belt Tensioner Pulley - 31ft-lb Belt Tensioner Test - 19. Main Caps 396-454 (4 bolt) Inner and Outer bolts Engine Oil 110 ft-lbs. Cam Gear to Cam. If the VANOS gear assembly bolts were found loose or broken, the. You should tighten the bolts or screws in a part to about half of the torque spec first. BMW N52 6-Cylinder Broken Valve Cover Bolt and ValveTronic Motor Removal – E90, E60, Z4 – 323i, 325i, 330i, 525i, 530i, 2. Buck Cording 2008 535XI 1973 2002tii. Includes 6 thrust blocks and valve spring compressor. Upon reuse, a nut and bolt combination will require an increased torque value to reach the desired clamp load. • Install the cylinder head cover. BMW: SI B11 05 05: N52 Engine Runs Poorly With Camshaft Sensor And Vanos Faults: BMW: SI B11 05 06: S54 Harsh Metallic Noise From The Vanos Assembly: BMW: SI B11 05 07: Service Action 492 - Replace Front Crankshaft Radial Seal: BMW: SI B11 05 08: N51 Engine: Cylinder Head Bolt Torque Is Not Available Via Tis: BMW: SI B11 05 11: Engine Removal. BMW N42 and N46 Twin Camshaft Petrol engines with Valvetronic system in: BMW: 1 Series (E87) 118i and 120i (04-), 3 Series (E46) 316i/316ti, 318i, 318Ti (01-), B18/B20 engines VS4800 & VS4815 - 1 - 191206 VS4815 VS4800 3 CONTENTS 31 VS4800. Sorry to be a muppet but the first line says N52. Articles to help you understand the repairs or upgrades you want to make. Tighten bolts 11 through 20 to 37-43 N-m (28-31 Lb-Ft). The big bolt in the center of cam. Lightly oil the threads of the new cylinder head bolts. Cam Sprocket (upper gear. Valvetronic Eccentric Shaft Position Sensor, Cylinder Bank 5-8 3. 00 thread (fine thread) bolts about 2 inches long. That nut is 77 ft. This mounts the sprocket to the camshaft. always torque bolts in three equal increments. 0 (2979) M54B30---. The recall began March 11, 2019. RockAuto ships auto parts and body parts from over 300 manufacturers to customers' doors worldwide, all at warehouse prices. Bolts or Parts Lube or Sealer Torque to: Main Caps Engine Oil 100 ft-lbs. The N52 was predominately found in the E90 325i, 328i and 330i, and the E60 525i and 528i models, as well as various others such as the 128i, X1, and Z4 to name a few. In 2004 BMW introduced one of the most popular engines ever produced by the company…the N52 naturally aspirated six cylinder engine. B18C1--33ft lbs. (33 Nm), Step 2 and 3 to 93 degree torque angle. Fit special tool 11 9 280 on the hub for the vibration absorber. Valvetronic is a variable valve timing system to offer continuous and precise control over variable intake valve lift, from 0. BMW N52 N51 Camshaft Crank Correlation 2A99 2A98 Rough running, Vanos, Escondido German Auto BMW N52 330xi 2006 camshaft and timing setup + torque details by viktarhl. Country of Manufacture: Germany If this is not the exact Engine Timing Camshaft Gear Bolt you are looking for,. Jointing torque and angle of rotation must be. Each intake valve (2 per cylinder) is opened not directly by the corresponding camshaft but by an additional mechanism which varies the valve lift. BMW S65 Engine - Remanufactured By Lang Racing - Core Required $14,783. B-A2336 1/2"F X 3/4"M 1500NM TORQUE MULTIPLIER KIT (7 PCS) Call for Pricing 1/2" x M10S CYLINDER HEAD BOLT TOOL (100mm) Call for Pricing H. Oil pump bolt 23-28 ft. Cam Gear Bolts. My sister-in-law has one with a 6 speed manual and it is awsome. 90 ° Torque angle. 2 Camshaft in the order as shown in the illustration in several passes,and remove the caps. 5 109 M14 2. 6L 4-Cyl Mini Cooper R56 (2007-2015, BMW) Prince 1. i also purchased a small piece of aluminum tubing that fits around. Depends on the gasket material, 5-8 is definately in the ball park with cork. Advance Auto Parts has 1 different Belt Tensioner Bolt for your vehicle, ready for shipping or in-store pick up. Main Caps 1-4 to Block.
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